Last year Ben Webster, Environment Editor of the Times, wrote about Britain becoming reliant on imported fruit and vegetables. The original link no longer works and the environment section no longer exists but the source is recorded here.
Webster lists a number of concerns voiced in a study co-authored by Tim Lang, professor of food policy at City University:
- thousands of orchards and farms dedicated to horticulture have been lost;
- only a third of apples and one in six pears and plums eaten in Britain are grown here;
- since 1990, production of cauliflowers has fallen two thirds,
- almost halved for lettuce,
- and dropped by a quarter for tomatoes and mushrooms.
Lang is urging the government to reverse the decline in horticulture to guarantee supplies of fruit and vegetables needed for a balanced diet.
- The total land area dedicated to fruit and vegetable production fell by 27% between 1985 and 2014.
- Only 5,300 hectares grow dessert apple trees, down from 12,800 in 1986.
- Plum trees have declined even faster, with only 750 hectares, compared with 2,400 in 1986.
Professor Lang said supermarkets were partly responsible because they had squeezed British growers and switched to foreign companies
European fresh food products now underpin UK access to fresh food; huge amounts of fruit and vegetables are imported. Some of them could be grown here. Why does the UK import apples or pears, for example, which could be grown sustainably here?
Neo-liberals prefer the metrics of economic efficiency, free trade and markets. From a public health or environmental perspective, however, such metrics can be part of the problem – leading to damaging intensification.
Professor Lang said: “We have been genuinely shocked by the mismatch of UK supply and demand in horticulture. Our report points out weak links in the chain: low wages, reliance on migrant labour, a suspicion of low returns to growers, a waste of land and resources. The vast importation of produce which could be grown here suggests that UK policy is tacitly a kind of ‘soft’ food imperialism — using others’ land and labour rather than one’s own.”
A Brexit or Bremain paper by Professor Lang and his colleagues may be downloaded here: http://www.campaignforrealfarming.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Food-and-Brexit-briefing-paper.pdf